Open Access Commentary

Geriatric Oral Health in Rural India: Care Options during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Aditi Tomar

Asian Journal of Dental Sciences, Page 11-15

The long-existing prevalence of maladaptive behaviors, particularly tobacco consumption and smoking continue to be a public health concern in rural India. The COVID-19 pandemic has engendered a state of prolonged home-confinement and social isolation across the globe. The bio-psychosocial changes associated with aging impact the overall wellbeing of older individuals. In addition to impaired physical health and cognitive ability, a vast proportion of older adults in rural India suffer from sub-optimal dental and periodontal health. Dental workers are recommended to thoroughly evaluate the patient’s medical history, underlying conditions and overall susceptibility COVID-19. Fostering preventive dental care among the geriatric, rural population may delay progression of oral infections, and prevent life threatening complications. Efforts towards advancing preventive dental care must persevere, even after the pandemic ceases.

Open Access Original Research Article

Oral Hygiene Practices among Young School Children of Kohalpur Municipality of Banke District, Nepal

Bikram Chand, Jagannath Purushotam, Sushila Baral, Neeti Sedhain, Ram Sharan Gopali, Rajesh Kumar Yadav

Asian Journal of Dental Sciences, Page 1-10

Background: Oral diseases remains a major public health problem with teeth decay as the most common global disease affecting many individuals and families. About 60-90% of school children worldwide had experience caries, with higher prevalence in Asian and Latin American countries. A healthy mouth helps to individual to talk, eat and interact with people without having active disease, discomfort or pain. The study aims to assess the oral hygiene practices among the school children.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 432 school children from private school of grade 8, 9 and 10. Semi structured and self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Multistage sampling technique followed by simple random sampling was done to reach the participants. The data was entered and analysed using SPSS software V.16.0 and MS-excel.

Results: The study found that only about one third (36%) of the respondents had good oral hygiene practices and more than three-fifth (64%) of the respondents had poor self-reported oral health status. The study found the significant difference between sex, mother's education and monthly household income with oral hygiene practices (p < 0.05). Self-reported oral health status was found statistically significant with age group, dental visit, duration of cleaning teeth and use of interdental aids.

Conclusion: Poor oral health practice among school children is still prevalent and is major public health problem in Nepal. School health knowledge, awareness and practice need to be emphasized and start from preschool so that this habit is practiced from early childhood.