Open Access Case Report

Intraosseous Solitary Neurofibroma in Ramus of Mandible: A Unique Clinical Case Report

Veena B Pujari, Savita Thakkannavar, Dinshaw Hormuzdi

Asian Journal of Dental Sciences, Page 1-6

Neurofibroma is a rare benign Non-odontogenic tumor which may occur predominantly as a feature of Von Recklinghausen’s disease affecting the soft tissue. Intraorally, the intraosseous solitary variant of neurofibroma is a very rare entity thereby intriguing the oral physicians. We report a rare case of solitary intraosseous neurofibroma  involving the mandibular foramen on the right side of the mandible without a family history of Von Recklinghausen’s disease in a 39 year aged female patient. The diagnosis was made based on clinical and radiological findings and histopathological report. On serological investigation the patient was HIV positive. The present case is rare in regard to its location and the immunodeficiency condition of the patient.

Open Access Short Research Article

Profiling Origins and Manifestations of Dental Fear and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents: A Content Analysis of YouTube Videos

Aishwarya Sampath, K. B. Shilpashree, Archana Krishnamurthy, Monika Prasad, Shefali Jiaswal, Ankit Mohapatra

Asian Journal of Dental Sciences, Page 1-7

Fear and anxieties towards going to dentists are major problems for a sizeable proportion of children and adolescents. Dental fears were shown to be associated with dental health problems. Patient often associate the dental office as an unfriendly, offensive and anxiety- provoking environment, distinguished by loud noises, distinctive odors, bright lights, invasive contact in mouth and probability of pain. The aim of the present study is to know the origin and impact of Dental Fear and Anxiety in children and adolescents using YouTube as a platform. A content analysis was conducted to know the origin, manifestations and impact of dental fear and anxiety among children and adolescents by screening videos form YouTube using three keywords: ‘dental fear’, ‘dental anxiety’ and ‘dental phobia’. After inclusion and exclusion criteria total of 16 videos were transcribed. The themes derived after transcription for origin were 7 namely: Dental personal, dental instruments, injection, dental clinic set up, procedure, pain and influence. For maintenance themes were: crying, nervous behavior, whining, bad behavior, distraction and refusal and impacts were: refusal to open mouth, refusal and relief. Social media and internet are platforms to understand and tackle dental fear and anxiety from a lay person’s point of view.

Open Access Short Research Article

Saliva - An Efficient Tool in the Estimation of Glucose Level - A Comparative Study

K. Divya, S. Shiny Samlin, B. Siva, R. Sudharshan, A. Vignesswary

Asian Journal of Dental Sciences, Page 1-6

Diabetes mellitus necessitate a repeated observation of serum glucose levels in the body. The commonly used diagnostic fluid for finding the glucose levels in the blood, but it is an invasive and unpleasant custom.

Methods: Twenty diabetic and non-diabetic subjects were randomly selected. The perceptible assessment of blood and salivary glucose levels were performed by the glucose oxidase enzyme method using glucose oxidase-peroxidase kit.

Results: A correlation was observed between HbA1c and salivary glucose of diabetic as well as non-diabetic subjects. The result showed a highly convinced positive correlation between salivary glucose and serum glucose in both diabetic patients and controls.

Conclusion: From this study, it was achieved that salivary glucose level was a nearly new noninvasive indicative technique, and used as a survey tool to estimate the glycemic state of Type II diabetes mellitus patients.

Open Access Original Research Article

Prevalence and Distribution of Oral Leukoplakia in Patients Attending Oral Medicine Department at Dentistry College in Tishreen University

Waddah Shash

Asian Journal of Dental Sciences, Page 1-6

Background: To find out the prevalence and distribution of oral leukoplakia in patients who are visiting the Department of Oral Medicine at Tishreen University is necessary to assess oral health and identify the risks of malignant transformation.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence and distribution of oral leukoplakia in the patients who visited the Department of Oral Medicine at Tishreen University.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 500 patients of the Tishreen Oral Medicine Department at Tishreen University. The number of males was 348 and females 152. The number of who drink alcohol was 117 and non-alcoholic 383. The number of smokers was 279 and non-smokers 221. The average age of the sample was 52 years.

Results: We found that the percentage of leukoplakia in the sample was 2.8%. There was a statistically significant correlation between leukoplakia and smoking, drinking alcohol, Increase in age and sex, and no relation was found with general diseases.

Conclusions: Increased incidence and associated risk factors (smoking, drinking alcohol, increasing age and sex) require dentists to carefully examine Oral mucosa for early detection of precancerous changes and therefore early treatment.

Open Access Original Research Article

Stress and Oral Health among Medical Students. A Cross Sectional Clinical Study

M. Shodan, Srinath Thakur, H. L. Jaykumar

Asian Journal of Dental Sciences, Page 1-8

Aim: To evaluate the perceived stress and its effect on gingival inflammation among medical students’.

Methodology: A Perceived Stress Scale questionnaire by Cohen and an self-administered potential stress factor questionnaire and was given to a convenient sample of 85 study subjects in an private medical college and hospital to assess perceived stress and possible potential factors. To assess the gingival inflammation, indices like Modified Quigley Hein plaque Index, Loe and Silness Gingival index, sulcus bleeding index was used.

Results:  Around 85% of them were stressed according to Perceived stress score by Cohen, and among possible potential factors; 51.8% of study subjects who were not staying in hostel previously were stressed and 75.3% study subjects who were having nuclear family were stressed.

Conclusion: Majority of the first year Medical students experience perceived stress, and factors like students having experience of hostel stay and nuclear type of family showed more stress, whereas the perceived stress dint had any effect on gingival inflammation. Future longitudinal studies are emphasized to know its effect on oral health