Quality of Oral Health and Satisfaction of Patients with Dental Prostheses in the City of Ngaoundere
Asian Journal of Dental Sciences,
Introduction: Tooth loss affects speech, eating, social wellbeing as well as the quality of life of an individual. Determining the subjective effect of prosthetic treatments makes it possible to identify the needs of patients with dentures and also evaluate their prosthetic adaptability. The objective of our study was to evaluate the quality of life and the satisfaction of patients wearing dental prostheses in the city of Ngaoundéré.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in dental departments of some hospitals in the city of Ngaoundéré. The study population consisted of all consented patients who had been wearing dentures for at least one week. Data collection was carried out through a dental consultation using a pre-established consultation form to evaluate the oral health quality of life of participants the using OHIP 20 questionnaire and a secondly a questionnaire whichwas used to evaluate their degree of satisfaction with the wearing of dentures. This was followed by clinical evaluation to evaluate their treatment needs.
Results: A total of 100 patients with dentures made up of51% males were recruited in the study. The 41-50 and 51-60 years age groups were the most represented with a rate of 21%.A third 38(38%) of our population were workers in the formal sector, and 52(52%) were married. The DMFT index of our population was 8.9.Only 16(16%) of the patients had a fixed prosthesis with 42(42%) in the (esthetic zone) anterior section. More than half 53(53%) of the patients recorded a score higher than 95 on the OHIP scale, synonymous with a very good oral quality of life. More than two thirds 77(77%) of patients were generally satisfied with their prosthesis while 86% were dissatisfied with the cost.
Conclusion: Though the quality of oral life and satisfaction of edentulous patients with prostheses was good poverty and lack of insurance were factors affecting patients prosthetic rehabilitation. There was statically significant relationship between gender and quality of life but the type of prosthesis and duration of prosthesis did not have any statically significant relationship.
A re-evaluation of the cost of prosthetic treatments would improve their condition, by favoring their access to new prosthetic rehabilitation techniques such as implantology.
- Oral health quality of life
- dental prostheses
How to Cite
Jenei Á, Sándor J, Hegedűs C. et al. Oral health-related quality of life after prosthetic rehabilitation: a longitudinal study with the OHIP questionnaire. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2015;13(99):1-9.
Van der Weijden F, Dell’Acqua F, Slot DE. Alveolar bone dimensional changes of post-extraction sockets in humans: a systematic review. J Clin Periodontol. 2009;36:1048–1058.
Jafarian M, Etebarian A. Reasons for extraction of permanent teeth in general dental practices in Tehran, Iran. Medical Principles and Practice. 2013;22(3):239– 244.
Kutkut A, Abu-Eid R, Sharab L, Abadi B, Van Sickels J. Full Mouth Implant-supported Rehabilitation of a Patient with Ectodermal Dysplasia: Clinical Report and Literature Review. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2015;17(2):34-41.
Harald G, Berg Einar, Bøe Olav E, Trovik Tordis A. Self-Reported oral health and denture satisfaction in partially and completely edentulous patients. Int J Prosthodont. 2011;24 (1):9-15.
Million G, M'Bodj EB Dieng L. Evaluation of the satisfaction of patients wearing removable prosthesis. Cah Prosthesis. 2015;172:1-9.
Pommer B. Use of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in Clinical Oral Implant Research. Austria. Journal of Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Epidemiology. 2013;1(3): 3-10.
Michele Lolita Y, Ashu Michael A, Hubert N, Florence D, Jacques B. Oral Health Status of the Elderly at Tonga, West Region, Cameroon. Int J Dent. 2015; 820416.
Epub 2015 Nov 8.
PMID: 26633972; PMCID: PMC4655062.
Agbor AM, Naidoo S. Knowledge and practice of traditional healers in oral health in the Bui Division, Cameroon. J Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine. 2011;7(6): 1-12.
Ngwen N. Price and income effects on health care utilization in Cameroon. Worlds In Dev. 2018;183(3):29-48.
Zing S, Agbor AM, Minsi TD, Sekele J P. Prosthetic Oral Rehabilitation Needs in Patients Of Patients Attending Dental Clinics in Ngaoundere- Cameroon. Asian Journal of Dental Sciences. 2021;5(1):1-9.
Kane AS, Guirassy ML, Toure K, Diallo B, Diawara O, Sita-Cresp BL, et al. Evaluation of the oral hygiene of patients consulting the odontostomatology department of the Ouelessebougou reference health center in Mali. Afr J Dent Implantol. 2020;17:23-35.
Mbodj EB, Faye B, Faye D, Seck MT, Sarr M, Ndiaye CM. Prevalence of halitosis in Senegalese denture patients. Medicine Too. 2011;71(3):272-4.
Achembong LN, Ashu AM, Hagopian A, Downer A, Barnhart S. Cameroon mid-level providers offer a promising public health dentistry model. Hum Resour Health. 2012;10:46 -51.
Agbor MA, Dematou C, Azodo CC. Reasons for late dental consultations at the central hospital of yaoundé. cameroon. EC Dental Science. 2018;17(4):360-367.
Agbor MA, Azodo CC. Self medication for oral health problems in Cameroon. Int Dent J. 2011;61(4):204-9.
El Filali D. Evaluation of prosthetic needs in the population of the city of Errachidia (Survey of 200 cases); 2003.
Rasouli Ghahroudi AA, Homayouni A, Rokn AR, Kia F, Kharazifard MJ, Khorsand A. Frequency of Dental Implants Placed in the Esthetic Zone in Dental Clinic of Tehran University: A Descriptive Study. J Dent (Tehran). 2015;12(12):906-912.
Moukaddem F, Fakhouri J, El Osta N. Oral health-related quality of life in the elderly after treatment for total edentulism: a prospective clinical study. Int Arab J Dent. 2017; 8 (1).
Van Waas MA. Determinants of dissatisfaction with dentures: a multiple regression analysis. J Prosthet Dent. 1990;64(5):569-72.
Priya K, Rahul DP, Varma S, Namitha R. Norms for Crafting a Beautiful Smile. Amrita Journal of Medicine. 2013;9:1-44.
Abstract View: 23 times
PDF Download: 11 times